To make the foreground of the concertina book that I am working on, I am using a monoprint technique named Direct Trace Drawing by Post-Impressionist French painter Paul Gaugin. “First you roll out printer’s ink on a sheet of paper of any sort; then lay a second sheet on top of it and draw whatever pleases you. The harder and thinner your pencil (as well as your paper), the finer will be the resulting line” (British Museum [online]. Gaugin’s explanation roughly describes the process I am using to draw the foreground, though I use a sheet of perspex to roll the ink onto.
Gaugin calls this procedure a ‘monotype’ as the plate (inked surface) has no matrix (marks or etching which are reproducable) meaning that the print is made free-hand and is one of a kind. The website Monoprints.com explains the difference:
“A monotype is essentially ONE of a kind: mono is a Latin word which means ONE and type means kind. Therefore, a monotype is one printed image which does not have any form of matrix. On the other hand, a monoprint has some form of basic matrix.
The process of creating a monoprint or a monotype is the same, but when doing monotypes, the artist works on a clean and unetched plate; with monoprints, however, there is always a pattern or part of an image which is constantly repeated in each print. Artists often use etched plates or some kind of pattern such as lace, leaves, fabric or even rubber gaskets, to add texture. In this case, having a repeated pattern, we have a monoprint.”
I am a bit unsure about which process my technique fits into as my prints have a matrix in a way – and that is the tracing paper with the template drawn onto it. The reproductions will never be exactly the same, but almost identical. So I think that I should describe them as monoprints, though they straddle the definitions of the two processes.
Gaugin, Paul on his process of monotype, British Museums [online] Accessed: 03/07/2015
http://www.monoprints.com/monoprints.php [online] Accessed: 03/07/2015
Paul Gauguin, Two Marquesans, a monotype, Tahiti, AD (1902), British Museum [online]
All other images are photographs of my own work and print process (30/06/2015-02/07/2015).